Management of Staphylococcusaureus sanitary risk : “One Health” strategies applied in Algeria

Document Type : Short Communication

Authors

1 Institute of Veterinary Sciences, University SaadDahlab Blida 1, Street Soumaa, 09000, Blida, Algeria

2 Veterinary institute, blida university, Algeria

3 HASAQ Laboratory, National Superior Veterinary School, 16000, Algiers, Algeria

Abstract

One Health is defined as the collaborative effort of multiple health science professions and their related disciplines and institutions to attain optimal health for people, domestic animals, wildlife, plants, and the environment. This study aimed to present different strategies of Algerian Veterinary Services to manage Staphylococcusaureus (S. aureus) health risk factors. Staphylococcus aureus is an animal and human opportunistic bacterium that causes a wide range of severe diseases. Its danger lies in its potential for transmission from animals to humans and conversely. This zoonotic potential is now well recognized, with the consideration that contact with animals is one of the most important factors influencing colonization and infection in human populations. Given the importance and interdependence of human and animal health linked to S. aureus health risk factors, it is logical to take a One Health approach when addressing this problem. It can be concluded some measures are necessary for the management of S. aureus in food hygiene. These may include launching a control and monitoring plan for residues in food of animal origin and animal feed, as well as a PASCRA plan for the detection of contaminants, such as antibiotic residues, or monitoring of contamination levels in live animals and food products of animal origin at different stages of the production chain.

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